1 Corinthians 2:6-16

by Cooper Abrams


            The Bible says the Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity (Matt. 28:19, 2 Cor.13:14). He is always referred to as a person and never as an "it." This means He is not simply a power or force, but as the Third Person of the Godhood, He excerizes all the power of Almighty God. The "Holy Ghost" and "Holy Spirit" are one and the same. The Greek word translated "Ghost" and "Spirit" are the same word "pneuma." In the King James Bible the word is translated "Ghost" eighty nine times, one time as "Holy Spirit", and one hundred and twenty four times "Spirit."

              Example: See Luke 11:13, here the Greek word "pneuma" is translated "Spirit," in Luke 12:12 the identical word is translated "Ghost." In old English the word was used interchangeably. The Hebrew word is "ruwach". Both the Greek and Hebrew word means "wind or breath."

              The word "Trinity" simply means "three parts that are one." It is the word used to refer to the Biblical doctrine that God is three persons, yet one God.(To read my article which gives a biblical explanation of the Trinity plese click this line)

    The Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is God

            Acts 5:3-4, Ananias lied to the Holy Spirit, who is called God. Theologically it can be stated as this: "Are there more Gods than one? There is but one only, the living and true God. How many persons are there in the Godhead? There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory." God is always referred to as "one" God in both the Old and New Testaments ( Deut. 6:4-5, Isa. 44:6-8; 45:21-23; 1 Cor. 8:5-6).

    What is a spirit?

            Man can only explain things in the context of the material and physical world he lives in. God is Spirit and is not subject to time, space and matter as is the physical world God has made for us. The reason man has a hard time understanding how God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are One is that man has nothing in his material world to compare it with. He is trying to describe something he has nothing to compare it with. Nothing in the material world of man can describe the Biblical truth that God is One God and three persons. The only verse in the Bible that uses something material to describe the Spirit is found in John 3:8. Jesus said, "The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit." Jesus was saying although you cannot see the Spirit, you know He is there because you see the effect of His presence has on the things He touches. We know that the Trinity is true, because we have it revealed in the Bible. God states that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are One God. It is a revealed truth from God that is a mystery to the world, yet fully accepted by the born again child of God, who believes and trusts God.

    The Holy Spirit has the same attributes as God

      omniscient: I Cor. 2:10-11
      Omnipresence: Psa. 139:7
      Omnipotence: Gen. 1:2
      Truth: I John 5:6
      Holiness: Luke 11:13
      Life: Roman 8:2
      Wisdom: Isa. 40:13

    The work of the Holy Spirit.

      1. Indwells believers. John 14:17
      2. Teaches. John 14:26
      3. Bears witness. John 15:26
      4. Convicts of sin. John 16:8
      5. Guides, speaks and declares. John 16:3-15
      6. Inspired the Scriptures and Illuminates them. Acts 1:16, II Peter 1:21
      7. He calls ministers. Acts 13:2
      8. Sends workers. Acts 13:4
      9. Forbids certain actions. Acts. 16:6-7
      10. Intercedes for us. Romans 8:26
      11. Gives gifts to believers in the context of the church. I Cor. 12:18, 27-28

            As a person the Holy Spirit was:

      1. Lied too and tempted. Acts. 5:3-4, 9
      2. Resisted. Acts 7:51
      3. Grieved. Eph. 4:30
      4. Insulted. Heb. 10:29 "done despite unto" means "insulted or outraged".
      5. Blasphemed. Matt. 12:31

    The Indwelling of the Holy Spirit

    The promise of the indwelling.
    (John 7:37-39)

        1. In His preaching, early in His ministry, Jesus promised  "living water" flowing from the believer. Verse 39, states that as yet the indwelling of the Holy Spirit given. See John 4:10-15

        2. In Luke 24:29 Jesus just before returning to heaven promised the "power from on high".
        (also see Acts 1:8)

        3. Jesus said in John 16:7, that the Holy Spirit's would be greater than His own presence. The phrase "it is expedient" means "it is better for you." Jesus was a God incarnate in man. Being in a physical body he could only be in one place at one time. God's Spirit could be in all believers at all times.

        4. Jesus preparing the disciples for His return to Heaven and the new Church age, or age of Grace, told of the coming of the "Comforter". John 14:16-17. Note is says "He will abide with you forever".

        The word Comforter is the Greek word "Paraclete" which means "advocate" or "one called along side."

    The Indwelling in the Old Testament

              The Holy Spirit "came upon" men that God used for a period of time needed to perform a task God gave them. Old Testament believers were not indwelled continuously as in the Church Age.

        Bezaleel was "filled with the Spirit" so that he could build the tabernacle. (Exodus 31:3)

        Seventy men, are appointed judges over Israel and God put His Spirit upon them. Numbers 11:17,25. Note verse 29. Moses, when asked to rebuke two men in the camp that were prophesying, states he wished God would put His spirit on all the Lord's people.

        In Judges 3:10, the "the spirit of the Lord came upon" Othniel and he judged Israel.

        The spirit of the Lord came upon Saul. 1 Samuel 10:6 In 1 Samuel 16:14 The spirit of God had departed from Saul. The evil spirit "from" God was a mental disturbance. God "allowed" this mental disturbance to torment Saul. See James 1:13 states clearly that God does not tempt a man to do evil. Saul because of his sin and disobedience to God set himself up for the illness, and God allowed it to proceed.

        1 Samuel 16:13 states David was indwelling by the Holy Spirit from the time of his anointing as king, while he was yet a boy. It is interesting to note that even though David was indwelled of the Holy Spirit, he many times still committed sin. (more will be said of this further on)

      The Indwelling Of The Holy Spirit In The Present Church Age

      When did the permanent indwelling of the Holy Spirit first begin?

              The presence of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament was selective and temporary, while today in the church age it is universal and permanent among believers.

        1. In Acts 1:4,8, Jesus instructed His disciples not to go forth until they received "the promise of the Father," which was the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

        2. In Acts 2:1-13, the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples permanently.

                  Note how He came:

            (1) A sound came from heaven "like" a wind.
            (2) This violent sound filled the whole house.
            (3) Cloven tongues that looked like fire came and sat on each of them where they sat.
            (4) They then received the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
            (5) Then they began to speak known languages (V8-11) which they had not learned.

                Verse 5, is vital to understanding of why it came in such a dramatic way. The miracles of Jesus, were done to give the Jews a "sign" that Jesus was the Promised Messiah. This sign miracle was seen and witnessed by these devout Jews" from every nation on earth! They were devout Jews who believed the Scriptures and were looking for the coming Messiah. Their devoutness was proven in that they had traveled great distances, at great risk and expense to be in Jerusalem, to celebrate the Jewish feast day called, Pentecost. Acts 2:41 states they believed the sign and the message of Peter that Jesus was the Christ, the Messiah, and 3000 of them were saved and baptized that day!

                Pentecost was the Jewish feast day, coming 50 days from the Passover. It was called in Exodus 23:16, the "Feast of the Harvest", or in Numbers 28:26 the "Day of the First-Fruits." It should be noted that the day the indwelling of the Holy Spirit came and the day the church of the Lord Jesus began was the day of the "First Fruits"! See Rom. 8:23, James 1:18.

              There are only four accounts of these happenings in Scripture.

          1. Acts 4:1-31... Peter and John preach Christ boldly, and heal a lame man. The priests and temple officials, and the Sadducees put them in custody. Five thousand Jews believed, after prayer these Jews who trusted Jesus as their Messiah received the Holy Spirit.

          2. Acts 8:14-17...The Samaritan Jews, believed Philip and trusted Jesus as their Messiah. They believed and were a part of the O.T. Dispensation. When they received the truth of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit they received the indwelling.

          3. Acts 10:44-48...Peter sent of the Holy Spirit to Cornelius, who was a Roman gentile, preaches to them Christ and this gentile is saved and his household. They too received the Holy Spirit as it happened at Pentecost. Peter them goes back to the Jews and tells them what had happened. (Acts 11:1-18) SEE Verse 17-18) These Jews because of the sign given knew that salvation had come to the gentiles.

          4. Acts 19:1-7.. In this account John the Baptist's disciples received the Holy Spirit and entered into the church age. They were already saved Jews, who trusted God, but now they became a part of the Body of Christ!

        When does one received the Holy Spirit today?

          1. All believers receive or are indwelled by the Holy Spirit. I Cor. 12:12-13 The indwelling and baptism of the Holy Spirit are the same. (Acts 1:5, 11:15-16). Jesus promised that believers would received the Holy Spirit. One cannot receive partially the person of the Holy Spirit. He is fully and permanently received by those who believe. (see Rom. 5:5, 8:9-11,14,16; 1 Cor. 6:19, 2 Cor. 1:22; Gal. 3:2-5; 4:6; Eph. 1:13,14; 4:30; 1 Thess. 4:8).

          2. All believers are indwelled, but there is a separate "filling" of the Holy Spirit, which is dependent on ones spiritual condition. Many have confused the two, and the resulting error is the false teachings of the Charismatic Movement, and Pentecostals.

                    Ephesians 5:18, commands us to be "filled" with the Spirit. Note the context of this verse. Paul is instructing us of the need to be totally yielded to God. Verse 7, says believer are not to be partakers of the sins of the world. The "filling of the Spirit" can be repeated, but one is only once indwelled. Romans 8:9 teaches that if a person is not indwelled by the Holy Spirit of God he is not a child of God, "But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his."


                The mystery of the permanent indwelling of the believer in the Church was unknown in the Old Testament. The only hint of it was in Joel 2:28. Peter in his sermon of Acts 2, mentions this verse.


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